Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure(10 points,1 point for each)
1?Since Americans pay very high taxes,they often feel that they are working one day each week justtheir taxes.
A?pay B?to be paying C?paid D?to pay【】
2?Advertising is only part of the total sales effort,but it is the part thatthe most attention.
A?attacks B?attracts C?attaches D?attributes【】
3?Information that does not make any to you is difficult to remember.
A?trouble B?way C?sense D?mistake【】
4?The United States is known for its supermarkets,huge quantities of all kinds of food and household articles are sold.
A?which B?that C?when D?where【】
5?The ants,hardworkingthey are,have time for play.
A?as B?but C?so D?lest【】
6?Diamonds are the hardestfound in nature.
A?instance B?circumstance C?substance D?existence【】
7?Large and powerful,the atmosphere consists of an ocean of gases hundreds of miles.
A?high B?higher C?highly D?height【】
8?Curiosity and imagination are importantwhich help stimulate the discovery of new facts and the laws of science.
A?techniques B?technologies C?qualities D?quantities【】
9?Information in long?term memory can beat a later time when it is needed.
A?remarked B?reminded C?removed D?recalled【】
10?Insurance agents are always friendly,well dressed,and cager to behelp.
A?for B?of C?from D?into【】
Ⅱ?Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each)
For human beings there is more to living than just staying alive.Therefore,your 11,or emotional and mental needs are important.You need to love and 12.You need to feel safe and secure.At the same time,you need to feel13.You need stimulation and variety to keep your brain14and to achieve personal growth.You also need to have a sense of 15,a personal identity,in order to know 16you are and how you fit in the environment.
Of all the emotional needs,a need for love is the17basic.At different times in life,you experience the need for love in different ways.18.a helpless baby feels love in 19to care.Love means being kept dry and warm and being fed.Gentle touch and firm support create a feeling of trust20 the baby for the people who care for it.
11?A?physical B?political C?psychological D?educational【】
12?A?to be loved B?to be loving ?to have loved D?to be for love【】
13?A?depend B?depended C?dependent D?independent【】
14?A?act B?acted C?active D?action【】
15?A?self B?own C?you D?yours【】
16?A?that B?who C?which D?how【】
17?A?much B?more C?most D?very【】
18?A?In addition B?On the average C?Of course D?For example【】
19?A?response B?regard C?terms D?view【】
20?A?at B?in C?with D?by【】
Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
The term “flying saucer”refers to strange objects travelling through the earth?s atmosphere at very high speeds.Thousands of people all over the world claim to have seen them.Some believe them to be spaceships from other planets.Others insist that they are a secret type of aircraft being built on earth.Many people maintain that they are only natural phenomena happening under special temperature,light,or weather conditions All reports,however,agree that the strange objects move at extremely high speeds and fail to follow the laws of motion by reversing(逆转) direction instantly without slowing down.
In the United States,the first flying saucers were reported on June 4,1947,by a private plane pilot.He saw nine objects travelling in the sky.Each was disk?shaped and very bright.Because their movements were compared to those of a “saucer skimming across the water”, newspaper reporters called them “flying saucers”.
Some weeks after the first reported sighting,the United States Air Force was given the job of investigating all the reports of flying saucers.Because of the confusing variety of shapes,sizes,and colors reported,the Air Force adopted the term Unidentified Flying Objects(UFO) to describe them.
Since the Air Force officials began their investigation of flying saucers,they have identified most of the objects as stars,planes,man?made satellites,experimental missiles(导弹),or weather phenomena.Some of the UFO reports,including photographs,were deliberate(蓄意的)tricks made to cheat people.
All the research so far has failed to prove that UFOs are spaceships coming from outside the earth.Most investigators agree,however,that more study is needed before the question of whether or not flying saucers really exist can be answered.
21?The term“flying saucer” is generally used to refer to.
A?spaceships from other planets
B?a secret type of aircraft being built
C?some natural phenomena
D?strange objects flying very fast in the sky【】
22?The first flying saucers got their name.
A?from a private plane pilot who saw them
B?for their brightness in color
C?because they looked like disks moving in the air
D?because they skimmed across the water【】
23?The Air Force preferred the term UFO because.
A?newspaper reporters used it
B?the term “flying saucer” was very confusing
C?UFO is a general term that can refer to a larger variety of objects
D?the Air Force didn?t find any objects that looked like flying saucers【】
24?All the research has failed to identify any UFOs as.
D?spaceships sent from other planets【】
25?From this passage we know that.
A?the US Air Force was the first reporter of flying saucers
B?the term UFO was first used by the US Air Force investigators
C?UFOs are not worth further investigation
D?the question of whether there exist flying saucers has already been answered 【】
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The American educator Horace Mann once said:“As an apple is not in any proper sense an apple until it is ripe,so a human being is not in any proper sense a human being until he is educated.”Education is the process through which man attempts to pass on to his children his hard?won wisdom and his ideals of a better world.This process begins shortly after birth,as parents seek to train the infant to behave as his culture demands.Schooling,or formal education,consists of experiences that are carefully planned to help young people learn what adults consider important for them to know and how they should respond to choices.
While almost everyone accepts the goal of developing skills in the three R?s—reading,writing and arithmetic—it often seems impossible to reach agreement on any goal beyond that.In the broadest terms,the conflict over educational goals can be viewed as a conflict between two groups of people—conservatives and liberals(自由派).
The conservatives tend to identify a desirable education with the transmission of the cultural knowledge,offering courses featuring the three R?s at the elementary level and academic(普通文化课的)studies or strong vocational(职业的)or business courses in the secondary school.They stress training of the mind and development of abilities.
The liberals tend to be interested in the development of the “whole child,”not merely in training his mind or in preparing him for adult life in a remote future.They emphasize rich,meaningful school living in the present,and they view subject matter as a resource for total human development rather than as a goal in itself.They believe that content should be acquired not for its own sake but as a means of encouraging thought and inquiry.
26?What Horace Mann means is that.
A?education is essential for man?s growth
B?an apple is delicious only when it is ripe
C?a man is like a child without proper education
D?education can be compared to the growth of an apple tree【】
A?find it hard to win wisdom
B?have choices in what they learn
C?are taught what adults select for them to learn
D?learn how they should respond to teachers? questions【】
28?The three R?s does not include.
29?It?s most unlikely that the conservatives should emphasize.
A?the teaching of basic cultural knowledge
B?courses in three R?s in the elementary school
C?courses such as modern physics and marketing at the secondary level
D?the development of the student as an individual person【】
30?The liberals hold that.
A?the goal of school education is mainly to prepare students for adult life
B?teaching activities should be rich and meaningful to the students
C?course content should be learned and remembered for future use
D?book knowledge is the only resource for learning【】
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
It has been a wide?spread belief that the American family is dying.But a new study reveals that the American family is stronger than ever.This study affords surprising evidence of the persistence of American commitments to family life.
The American family is changing,not dying:It is becoming smaller,men and women are becoming more equal,and the divorce rate is higher.But despite the high divorce rate,marriage has never been more popular.The majority of divorced people remarry,but only 2% marry more than twice.Most marriages last a long time,and a large proportion of divorces are from teenage marriages.Depending on the specific situation,there?s often good reason for teenage marriages to break up.
There is no evidence that children receive less attention from mothers who work outside the home than from mothers working inside the home.So far the amount of educational or development time hasn?t varied very much,whether or not the mother works outside the home.In fact,working mothers try to make up for it by setting aside time only for their children.
The study shows that television is by far the most significant new child?care arrangement of this century.The most important activity for children up to age 14 is watching television.
School is the second most time?consuming activity for children.They spend an average of about 19 hours a week in school.A larger proportion of children go to school now than ever before,and they stay in school longer.Another big change is that the proportion of very young children in day?care centers(日托站) has almost doubled in recent years.Compared with these two dramatic changes in child activity,the changes caused by mothers working outside the home appear very small.
31?The main idea of this article is that.
A?the American family is dying
B?young people today don?t want to get married
C?the American family is changing,but it is stronger than ever
D?education has resulted in dramatic changes in the American family【】
32?Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A?Marriage is more popular than before.
B?Many divorced people remarry.
C?The majority of marriages last long.
D?Working mothers devote less time to their children.【】
33?The author of this article believes that.
A?the American family is here to stay
B?children should not watch so much television
C?mothers should not work when their children are small
D?teenage marriages should be encouraged【】
34?What is the most significant new child?care arrangement of this century?
A?The day?care center.
35?According to the writer,which two major factors have led to the belief that the American family is dying?
A?The divorce rate is high and working mothers neglect their children.
B?The divorce rate is high and children care more about television than anything else.
C?Divorces are becoming increasingly more and many teenage marriages break up.
D?Children stay in school longer and mothers have little time to take care of them.【】
Ⅳ.Word Spelling(10 points,1 point for two words)
36?表扬 v.p 37?橡皮n.r
Ⅴ.Word Form(10 points,1 point for each)
56?Many people feel that the United States(have) a very complicated tax collection system.
57?In 1964,the Olympic Games in Tokyo(become) the first program to be transmitted via satellite.
58?In the recent past,medical researchers(begin) to emphasize the fact that heart diseases are associated with stress,smoking and a lack of exercise.
59?Taxes consist of the money which people pay(support) their government.
60?For centuries the Atlantic Ocean kept the Americas from(discover) by the people of Europe.
61?The American consumer often feels constantly(disturb) by insurance agents.
62?Women tend to engage in more eye contact than men,especially when(talk) to other women.
63?Though marriage(practice) in almost all countries of the world,the customs are quite different from one culture to another.
64?No one has been able to prove that fish is any(good) for the brain than many other kinds of food.
65?If we did not have atmospheric pressure,we(can,not have) automobile tires.
Ⅵ.Translation from Chinese into English (15 points,3 points for each)
Ⅶ?Translation from English into Chinese (15 points)
While the quantity of food needed by the body is measured by the amount of energy,or calories,it has,the quality of food is determined by its nutrients.Nutrients are the substances in food that are needed by your body.You can consume enough soft drinks,bread,and potatoes to supply you with enough calories for the energy you need.But these foods will not supply you with all the necessary nutrients your body needs in order to function well.
It is believed that there are forty?five nutrients needed by the human body.It is essential that each of them be present in various amounts in a good diet.Each nutrient is responsible for performing a special body function.
Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure
5?【analysis】 以as引出的状语从句，可以把表语提到主语前面来，如Cold as the weather was,it couldn?t cool our enthusiasm for work.故本句应选A?as。
7?【analysis】 数字后说明高应用形容词high,如The house is ten meters high。
8?【analysis】句子含意“好奇心与想像力是重要的品性”， 品性或品质为quality, 而technique技巧，technology工程学，quantity重量，数量都不合适。
9?【analysis】句子意思为“长期记忆的信息在以后需要的时候能记起来。” 应为D?recalled记起；而A?remark评论；B?remined sb.of sb./sth.使某人回想起来某人；C?removed移开；因句中无of结构，故应为D。
10?【analysis】be of help有帮助，为习惯用语。
11～12【analysis】句意为“你的心理的或感情的，思想上的需要是重要的。你需要去爱和接受爱。” 11?C?psychological心理的；12?A?to be loved被爱。
31 【analysis】第三篇意义为“广泛的信念为美国家庭正在消失，而新的研究揭示美国家庭比以前更牢固了。是正在变化，而并不消亡，是更小了，男女更平等了而离婚率更高了。没有证据说明在家外工作的母亲比在家内干活的对孩子们较少关心。不管是否母亲在家外工作，对孩子的教育培养并无太多的变动。孩子在14岁前最重要的活动是观看电视，而学校成为其次花费时间的活动”。 31题这篇文章主题思想为“美国家庭正在变化，但比以前更牢固了”。
32 【analysis】以下叙述哪点是不正确的？ 应为D?劳动妇女更少时间专心于孩子了。
33 【analysis】本文作者相信， 应为A?美国家庭仍稳固着。
34 【analysis】本世纪新的孩子照料的安排最有影响的是什么？ 应为B.电视。
35 【analysis】按照作者，哪两种主要因素导致美国家庭正在消亡的信念？ 应为A?离婚率高和劳动妇女忽视他们的孩子。
36 【analysis】表扬 v.p 。
37 【analysis】橡皮n.r , 来自rub v.擦。
38 【analysis】表面n.s , sur?超过+face面。
40 【analysis】蒸汽n.s , 同义词vapour水汽。
41 【analysis】权力n.p , 同义词force活动的力；strength体力。
42 【analysis】噪声n.n , 对比voice嗓音，虫鸣声；sound字母音，轻声。
43 【analysis】第九num.n , nine 九(基数词)，ninth第九（序数词）。
44 【analysis】大声的a.l , loudly ad.吵闹地； aloud出声地。
45 【analysis】方法n.m , 同义词way方式。
46 【analysis】羞耻n.s , 同义词shyness羞愧。
47 【analysis】紧张n.t , 形容词为tense。
48 【analysis】非法的a.l , il?用于l前，意为无，非；不；如illogical不合逻辑的。
49 【analysis】运气n.l ,同义词fortune运气。
50 【analysis】中间的a.m ,mid?中间，midday正午，midland中部地方的。
51 【analysis】严重的a.s ,?ous形容词后缀，如famous著名的。
52 【analysis】财富n.w ,反义词poverty贫穷。
53 【analysis】浅的a.s 。
54 【analysis】信号n.s ，sign n.标记v.签名。
55 【analysis】胜利n.v ,victory争斗中胜利；triumph辉煌胜利。
58 【analysis】“在近期，医学科研人员开始强调心脏病与紧张，抽烟，缺少锻炼有关的事实”。在近期，指到目前为止，故应用现在完成时have begun。
59 【analysis】“税收包含了人民支持政府所付的款”。支持政府为付款的目的状语，应用不定式to support。
60 【analysis】“几个世纪以来由于有大西洋相隔，使欧洲人一直没能发现南北美洲”。keep...from...,因from为介词，所以应加动名词。美洲被发现，故应跟动名词的被动形式being discovered。
62 【analysis】“妇女比男人更喜好用目光接触，特别是在和另外一些妇女谈话时更是这样”。状语从句中，when,while 后可接doing表示与主句同一主语，同时的伴随行动。
63 【analysis】“虽然几乎全世界所有国家的人民习惯上都操办结婚，但结婚的风俗具有某一种文化观念的国家却完全不同”。婚姻为被操办，故应为 is practiced。
65 【analysis】“假如我们没有大气压，我们就不能有汽车轮胎了”。这是虚拟语气，表示现在虚拟，故应用could not have。
【key】could not have
Ⅵ?Translation from Chinese into English
66 【analysis】“人所共知，大西洋仅有太平洋一半大”。这是相等比较句，表示程度的only half加在相等比较的第一个as前。
【key】It is known that the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific.
【key】People may watch any movie they want on television.
68 【analysis】“在过去几年里你在保险上花了多少钱？”这是以how much引出的特殊疑问句，从过去到现在故应用现在完成式。
【key】How much money have you spent on insurance in the past few years?
69 【analysis】“为了不被人误解，你应当认识肢体语言与文化关系密切”。“为了……”是句中的目的状语，可用in order to do，被人误解，应用不定式的被动语态。主句后还有that引出的宾语从句。
【key】In order not to be misunderstood,you should realize that body language is very much tied to culture.
70 【analysis】“直到14世纪较精确的地图才开始出现”。“直到…”才应译为not until。
【key】It was not until the 14th century that more accurate maps began to appear.
Ⅶ?Translation from English into Chinese
【analysis】 本文讲食物对身体的作用，所以大量用被动语态，翻译时可用“所需，取决于”等表示。第二段的It is believed that...为主语从句可译为“据信…”，因讲食品营养，故涉及十多个有关单词，如 energy能量,calory卡路里，nutrient营养的，soft drink软饮料，bread面包，potato土豆,diet配餐，function功能，等。
I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points， 1point for each)
1. ______ the sun， the moon looks the biggest object in the sky.
A. Except for B. Besides C. Except D. Other than
2. When they join the work force， their employers and associates alike will soon realize that the behavior of these rude young people is closer to ______ of animals than civilized individuals.
A. those B. which C. what D. that
3. Although there is no doubt that _____ people benefit from heart surgery， critics of our health-care systems point out that the emphasis on the surgical treatment of the disease has three clear disadvantages.
A. a great deal of B. a great amount of C. a great number of D. the number of
4. If I ______ a little earlier， I would have caught the train.
A. left B. would leave C. leave D. had left
5. _______ their common aim may seem good， people probably do not realize that dieting can do harm to their health.
A. As B. Though C. If D. Since
6. We should be ______ of the views of others， even if we disagree with them.
A. kind B. considerate C. tolerant D. capable
7. Rude people are those whose behavior shows little respect for the rules that the majority _____.
A. have B. own C. follow D. like
8. There is great pleasure in watching wildlife in natural or near-natural environments， and tourism can _____ the income of countries.
A. add to B. take to C. keep to D. see to
9. He helped me and I hope I can do something for him ______.
A. in turn B. for return C. by turn D. in return
10. We can come to the _____ that the more we practice， the more skillful we will be.
A. tradition B. generation C. conclusion D. fact
III…… Reading Comprehension (30 points， 2 points for each)
V. Word Form (10 points， 1point for each)
56. Americans often protest that the government ________(use) their tax dollars in the wrong way.
57. Curiously enough， sleepwalkers have an unusual way of _______ (avoid) their own traps when they sleepwalk.
58. Experiments have to ________ (make) under carefully controlled conditions.
59. You can build your vocabulary without ________ (use) a dictionary each timel.
60. On the average， males score ________(high) than females on tests that measure mathematical reasoning， mechanical ability， and problem-solving skills.
61. Such programmes could teach the local people how to select trees worth exporting and to cut only those trees down while ______ (leave) the rest.
62. Successful language learners find it easy ________ (practice) using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.
63. How ______ (surprise) the people who thought tomatoes poisonous would be if they could know that millions of pounds of tomatoes were supplied to soldiers overseas during World War II.
64. If he accepts the job， he ________ (get) more money right away.
65. It is reported that there are at least three signs that indicate a person _______ (suffer) from a panic attack rather than a heart attack.
VI. C-E Translation (15 points， 3 points for each)
VII. E-C Translation (15 points)